overall this is an excellent article by Nicola Perugini and Neve Gordon, which debunks Israel's propaganda and justification for the indiscriminate massacre of hundreds of Palestinians in Gaza. The only problem with Perugini and Gordon's article is that it fails to recognise Israel is a settler colonial state - so rather than arguing as it has done that Israel's legitimisation for it indiscriminate bombing is "not unlike colonial as well as other vastly asymmetrical wars", it would have been better to say "Like colonial, as well as other vastly asymmetrical wars, Israel's legitimisation for its indiscriminate bombing is premised upon ...."
As Perugini and Gordon note in the article, "Israel's warfare is, however, not only about the re-signification of architectural structures, but also about the transformation of human beings into collateral damage, subjects who can be killed without violating international law."
As Israel continues its massacre in Gaza, once again please join the rallies in your city and make your voices heard. Please also support the Palestinian BDS campaign and take a stand in support of Palestine.
In solidarity, Kim
The Israeli army has tried to justify striking civilian areas.
Israeli propaganda aims at transforming the presence of civilians as suspect in areas of bombardment, write Perugini and Gordon [EPA]
fighting within cities and all bombardments of urban spaces, even the
most "precise and surgical", is a potential death trap for civilians.
Consequently, the permeation of war into cities inevitably transforms
their inhabitants into potential human shields.|
For Palestinians living in Gaza today, simply spending time in their own homes, frequenting a mosque, going to a hospital or to school has become a dangerous enterprise since any one of these architectural edifices can become at any moment a target. One can no longer safely assume that the existence of masses of human bodies - even the bodies of children - in civilian spaces can serve as defence of the weak against the lethal capacity of the hi-tech states.
The poster "Where do Gaza Terrorists Hide Their Weapons" is a paradigmatic example, where the subtext does the speaking: Houses, mosques, schools, and hospitals are legitimate targets because they are presumed to be weapon depositories.
The logic is straightforward: insofar as Hamas hides weapons in houses (illegitimate), Israel can bomb them as if they were military targets (legitimate). Within this framework, a single function (hiding weapons) out of many existing functions (home, shelter, intimacy, etc) determines the status of an urban site (in our case the house), so that the edifice's form loses its traditional signification.
The question "when does it become a legitimate military target?" is merely rhetorical. Its real meaning is: "All houses in Gaza are legitimate targets" since all houses are potentially non-homes.
Israel's warfare is, however, not only about the re-signification of architectural structures, but also about the transformation of human beings into collateral damage, subjects who can be killed without violating international law. This is the subtext of the poster featuring Israel's Chief of Staff saying: "Even as we carry out strikes, we remember that there are civilians in Gaza. Hamas has turned them into hostages."
Hence, the use of human shields is not only a violation. In contemporary asymmetric urban wars, accusing the enemy of using human shields helps validate the claim that the death of "untargeted civilians" is merely collateral damage. When all civilians are potential human shields, when each and every civilian can become a hostage of the enemy, then all enemy civilians become killable.
The residents of Gaza are bombed by cutting edge F-16 fighter jets and drones, yet they do not have bomb shelters, and they have nowhere to flee. Israel's residents are bombed mostly by makeshift rockets, many of which have been intercepted by Iron Dome missiles. The majority of the population in Israel has access to shelters and can flee out of the rocket's range.
These powerful images, spread by the Israeli military through social media, attempt to transform the very presence of civilians as suspect in the areas it bombards, regardless of the fact that the areas it bombs are urban centres.
The crux of the matter is that in the context of contemporary asymmetric warfare, the weak do not have many options. When there are no bomb shelters, people remain at home during extensive bombardment. And if, like in the case of the Palestinians in Gaza, fleeing is not an option - because all exits from the strip have been closed, or because the neighbour's house is under the exact same threat as one's own, or because one is already a refugee and does not want to become a refugee anew - staying put, which the high-tech states term "illegal human shields," constitutes a form of resistance.
Neve Gordon is the author of Israel's Occupation.
Nicola Perugini is Mellon Postdoctoral Fellow in Italian Studies and Middle East Studies at Brown University. His forthcoming book is entitled The Human Right to Dominate.
Follow Nicola on Twitter: @